Terms & Conditions

By using the FunLink Website (the "Website") you have agreed to be bound by these Terms of Use (this "Agreement"), whether or not you register as a member ("Member"). Should you wish to become a Member and communicate with other Members and make use of the FunLink service (the "Service"), you are to read these Terms of Use and to indicate your acceptance by following the instructions in the Registration process.

This Agreement sets out the legally binding terms of your use of the Website and your membership in the Service and may be modified by FunLink from time to time, such modifications to be effective upon posting by FunLink on the Website. This Agreement includes FunLink Acceptable Use Policy for Content Posted on the Website and any notices regarding the Website.


In these Terms and Conditions, the following expressions carry the corresponding meanings:

"Claim" means, in relation to a person, a claim, demand, remedy, suit, injury, damage, loss, cost, liability, action, proceeding, right of action, claim for compensation or reimbursement or liability incurred by or to be made or recovered by or against the person, however arising and whether ascertained or unascertained, or immediate, future or contingent;

"Commercialize" means to exploit, market, promote, develop, integrate, research, sell and conduct any other activity for profit or reward;

"Company" means FunLink registered in Singapore, at 888C, Sembawang Road, Singapore 758493 and shall include any related body  associate of FunLink;

"Personal Information" has the meaning ascribed to information given by the members upon opening an accounts with the website;

"Service" means the facilities made available for members via the Website;

"Website" means this website which is owned and operated by the Company;

"Terms and Conditions" means these terms and conditions as amended by the Company from time to time, which form the agreement between you and the Company;

"we", "us" and "our" all refer to the Company.


1.1 Acceptance of Terms and Conditions

The use of this website is conditional upon your acceptance of these terms and conditions. You will be deemed to have accepted these terms and conditions by using this website, regardless of whether or not you register as a member. If you do not agree to these terms and conditions you must not use this website.

1.2 User Agreement

These Terms and Conditions constitute the agreement between you and the Company in respect of your use of the Service and the Website (the "Agreement").

1.3 Contact

This website is operated by FunLink, a Singapore registered company under Accounting And Corporate Regulatory Authority. You can contact us at info@funlink.com.sg


2.1 Eligibility

You must be over 21 years of age to register as a member of the Service or to use this Website. By using the Website, you represent, undertake and warrant that you have the right, authority and capacity to enter into this Agreement and to comply with all of the Terms and Conditions. You shall not registered as married in the records of the Registry of Marriages in Singapore (ROM) to register as a member of FunLink or to use the Website.

We may be obliged to submit our database for checks with the Registry of Marriage (ROM) if we are acrediated or when requested by the governing body. Should your National Registration Identity Card (NRIC) is found in the ROM records, you shall be stripped off our membership eligibility, without prior notice whether verbal or in written form from our database.

We may conduct random checks on our database for incorrect email addresses. and NRIC during registration. We reserve the rights to remove your account immediately if there is any false declaration in our database.

2.2 Membership

You may become a member of the Service free of charge. Free membership shall only entitle you to participate in limited features available as part of the Service. In order to access additional features, you must become a paying subscriber to the Service. Accordingly, your use of those additional features is conditional upon the payment of the relevant fees.

FunLink may terminate your membership for any reason, effective upon sending notice to you at the email address you provide in your application for membership, or such other email address as you may later provide to FunLink. If FunLink terminates your membership in the Service because you have breached the Agreement, you will not be entitled to any refund of unused subscription fees. Even after membership is terminated, this Agreement will remain in effect.

2.3 Subscription plans and fees

Subscription plans and their corresponding fees are located at the "Membership" page. These subscription fees are subject to change, which changes will be posted on the page of the Website previously described. You acknowledge that there may be discrepancies in relation to subscription fees between jurisdictions, which discrepancies are reflective of costs applicable to a particular jurisdiction and other commercial conditions relevant to that jurisdiction.

2.4 Payment

  1. While certain Services are available free of charge, you acknowledge that the Paid Services are available only to members with a valid subscription or otherwise on payment of a fee. Subscriptions can be acquired at the prices, for the periods and by the payment methods specified on the upgrade membership page. If we do not receive payment from your Payment Method Provider, you agree to pay all amounts due on your billing account upon demand. Prices are stated in Singapore currency shown on the membership page all inclusive unless otherwise stated. There is no further shipping charge or other miscellaneous charges, unless otherwise stated clearly at the point of purchase and transaction.
  2. We will auto-renew your membership unless you specifically stated otherwise. If you selected to be non auto-re billed, the subscription will not auto-renew when the periods expired. You shall then cease to enjoy all additional features that a Paid Member enjoys.
  3. We may at any time change our price for a subscription. The new rate takes effect if you apply for a new subscription (whether or not it is your first subscription) after we have posted the details of our new price on the Site. Auto-renewals of existing subscription will continue at the old price until it expires.
  4. By entering into this Agreement, you acknowledge that all of your purchases involving our membership subscription plan are not refundable, not transferable and irrefutable after a 1 day cooling down period from the date and time of your purchase. During the 1 day cooling down period after every membership subscription purchase, you may contact us at payment@funlink.com.sg to indicate your cancellation. The amount will be refunded from the credit card only if the cancellation is done within the cooling period.

2.5 Member ID and password

As part of the member registration process, you will be required to select a member ID (username) and password. We may refuse to accept any username for any reason, including that the proposed member ID impersonates someone else, is or may be illegal, is or may be protected by trade mark or other intellectual property law, is vulgar or otherwise offensive, or may cause confusion, as we determine in our absolute discretion.

You are solely responsible for the confidentiality and use of your member ID and password (including all activities conducted under your Member ID and password) and agree not to transfer or resell your use of or access to the Website to any third party. If you have reason to believe that your account is no longer secure, you must immediately notify us and you must promptly change your password by updating your account information.

2.6 Recurring Payment

If we provide a recurring billing facility for the payment of subscription fees applicable to the subscription plan you select, we will charge those fees on a recurring basis (within a reasonable time prior to the expiration of your current subscription). We will only cease to charge fees upon its receipt of your written notice when such authorization from you in written format is received prior to the current expiration date.

Any such notice shall not affect charges made before we could reasonably act. In all circumstances, you must provide current, complete and accurate information


The Service is an internet information service that facilitates contact between members who may or may not be seeking friendship or a relationship. It is not a marriage brokering service, mail order bride service or a matchmaking service. The Company is under no obligation to broker any other member or members for you.

3.1 Non Commercial Use by Members

The Website is for the personal use of individual Members only and may not be used in connection with any commercial endeavors. Organizations, companies, and/or businesses may not become Members and should not use the Service or the Website for any purpose.

Illegal and/or unauthorized uses of the Website, including collecting usernames and/or email addresses of members by electronic or other means for the purpose of sending unsolicited email and unauthorized framing of or linking to the Website will be investigated, and appropriate legal action will be taken, including without limitation, civil, criminal, and injunctive redress.


4.1 Own risk

You acknowledge that your use of the Service and the Website is solely at your own risk.

4.2 Accurate information

You represent, warrant and undertake that the information that you supply to the Service, the Website and the Company is accurate in all respects, not in breach of this Agreement and not harmful to any person in any way.

4.3 Information not confidential

You agree that any material or information provided by you, save and except for any Personal Information (which may include your full name, email address, postal address, telephone number etc.) the use of which is governed by our Privacy Policy, will be treated as non-confidential and non-proprietary and we may use such material or information without restriction within the line of business. The company pledges not to trade or sell your e-mail address or other personal information to third part(ies) without your written consent.

Specifically, you consent to the Company using such material or information (including any photographs, video or audio recordings) to pre-populate a database for any website owned and operated by the Company which is similar to the Website. You acknowledge that any such material or information provided by you will be available for other members or users of the Website to read.

4.4 Information available overseas

  1. You consent to the transfer of information provided by you (including Personal Information other than your full name, email address, residential address or phone numbers) to members residing in countries other than your country of residence.
  2. FunLink utilizes servers for the storage of your Personal Information which may be located in a country other than your country of residence. You consent to the transfer of Personal Information to countries other than your country of residence, which will be facilitated by FunLink only in accordance with the terms of our Privacy Policy.

4.5 Copyright assigned

You agree that all copyright which subsists in any material or information provided by you to the Company is assigned to the Company. You will not post, transmit or otherwise provide any material or information in which the copyright is owned by another person or entity and you warrant that all material and information provided is your original work and not sourced from any third party.

4.6 Legal access

You must ensure that your access to the Website and use of the Service is not illegal or prohibited by laws which apply to you. You are solely responsible for the legality of your actions under all applicable laws.

4.7 Exposure to viruses

You must take your own precautions to ensure that the process which you employ for accessing the Website does not expose you to the risk of viruses, malicious computer code or other forms of interference which may damage your own computer system. For the avoidance of doubt, we do not accept responsibility for any interference or damage to your own computer system which arises in connection with your use of the Service, the Website or any Linked Website.

4.8 Content of profile

  1. You are solely responsible for the content of your profile, messages, video and audio recordings and other materials you may upload to the Service or transmit to other members of the Service.
  2. By posting Content to any public area of FunLink, you automatically grant, and you represent and warrant that you have the right to grant, to FunLink an irrevocable, perpetual, non-exclusive, fully paid,worldwide license to use, copy, perform, display, and distribute such information and content and to prepare derivative works of, or incorporate into other works, such information and content, and to grant and authorize sublicenses of the foregoing.
  3. The following is a partial list of the kind of Content that is illegal or prohibited on the Website. FunLink reserves the right to investigate and take appropriate action in its sole discretion against anyone who violates this provision, including without limitation, removing the offending communication from the Service immediately, temporarily suspending the Members account from two (2) weeks to one (1) month or more and terminating the membership of such violators immediately without prior notice with all virtual credits balance forfeited.

It includes Content that:

  • solicits passwords or personal identifying information for commercial or unlawful purposes from other users; and
  • engages in commercial activities and/or sales without our prior written consent such as contests, sweepstakes, barter, advertising, multi-level marketing, direct selling and pyramid schemes.
  • is patently offensive to the online community, such as Content that promotes racism, bigotry, hatred or physical harm of any kind against any group or individual;
  • contains restricted or password only access pages, or hidden pages or images (those not linked to or from another accessible page);
  • provides instructional information about illegal activities such as making or buying illegal weapons, violating someone's privacy, or providing or creating computer viruses;
  • harasses or advocates harassment of another person;
  • involves the transmission of "junk mail", "chain letters," or unsolicited mass mailing or "spamming";
  • promotes information that you know is false, misleading or promotes illegal activities or conduct that is abusive, threatening, obscene, defamatory or libelous;
  • promotes an illegal or unauthorized copy of another person's copyrighted work, such as providing pirated computer programs or links to them, providing information to circumvent manufacture-installed copy-protect devices, or providing pirated music or links to pirated music files;

4.9 Interaction with members

You are solely responsible for your interaction with other members of the Service. We reserve the right, but have no obligation, to monitor disputes between you and other Members.

4.10 Negative covenants

You represent, warrant and covenant that:

  1. you will not disclose any information provided to you through the Service to anyone without the prior permission of the person who provided it to you;
  2. you will not use the Service to engage in any form of harassment or offensive behavior, including but not limited to the distribution of any sexually and/or racially offensive, abusive, threatening, vulgar, obscene, harassing, libelous, slanderous, or objectionable material of any kind, nor any unlawful or illegal material, or any material that infringes or violates another party's rights (including, but not limited to, intellectual property rights and privacy rights);
  3. you will not transmit "spam," chain letters, junk mail, or engage in any unsolicited mass distribution of e-mail;
  4. you will not use the Service or the Website for any unauthorized commercial purposes;
  5. you will not solicit or attempt to solicit any money from any member or other user of the Service or the Website;
  6. you will not use the Service to distribute, promote or otherwise publish any material containing any solicitation for funds, advertising or solicitation for goods or services;
  7. you will not harass others by continuing to attempt to communicate with someone who has clearly asked you to cease communications;
  8. you will not post or transmit material which contains viruses or other computer codes, files or programs which are designed to limit or destroy the functionality of computer software or hardware; and
  9. you will not post or transmit in any manner any contact information including without limitation, email addresses, phone numbers, postal addresses, URLs, or full names through your publicly posted information.

4.11 Use of Images

In addition to the provisions of clause 4.5, by providing any photographs, material, information or content to the Company, you acknowledge and agree that the Company may:

  1. reproduce, use, copy, perform, display, distribute and exploit the material, information or content;
  2. prepare derivative works of, or incorporate into other works and other media, such material, information and content; and
  3. license others the same rights granted to the Company in (a) (b) above, and you consent to any and all such uses, including, without limitation, for any promotional or commercial purposes. You also warrant that you have the authority to grant the consent referred to in this clause.

4.12 Mail Order Bride Marriages

This Website does not, and must not be taken to, in any way, aid, procure, promote or provide “mail order bride” marriage-matching services to its users.
You acknowledge that the jurisdiction in which you reside may prohibit the advertisement of marriage-matching services or the solicitation of persons to partake in marriages. You hereby acknowledge and agree that it is your sole responsibility to ensure that you do not breach any prohibition on marriage-matching.


5.1 Monitor information

We reserve the right to monitor all profiles, messages, chat, instant messages, videos and audio recordings (if any) to ensure that they conform to the requirements of these Terms and Conditions. To ensure that we provide the highest level of service and the safest online environment to its customers, we have engaged one or more third parties to provide online security functions for our customers. Providing this security requires the collection of certain non-personal data from your computer or other device by which you connect to our websites.

You expressly acknowledge and agree to our collection, whether directly or by third-party security providers, of certain non-personal data to be used for the sole purpose of ensuring a secure and safe online environment for you. Even when no personal data is collected, we ensure that any third parties with which it contracts for security services observes the highest data protection and privacy standards.

5.2 Editing information

While we do not and cannot review every message or other material posted or sent by members of the Service, and are not responsible for any content of these messages or materials, we reserve the right, but are under no obligation, to delete, move or edit messages or material (including profiles, messages, videos and audio recordings) that we, in our sole discretion, deem to breach these Terms and Conditions or to be otherwise unacceptable.

5.3 Security of information

No data transmission over the internet can be guaranteed as being totally secure. Whilst we strive to protect such information, we do not warrant and cannot ensure the security of any information which you transmit to us by external service provider. Accordingly, any information which you transmit to us is transmitted at your own risk. Nevertheless, once we receive your transmission, we will take reasonable steps to preserve the security of such information.

5.4 Functioning of the FunLink Site & Services

To use the Services, the Member must have the necessary hardware equipment and software and the necessary parameters required to properly use FunLink website: Navigator Internet Explorer 6 or equivalent, JavaScript functions enabled, cookies enabled, and pop-ups enabled.

The Member must have the skills, hardware and software required to use the Internet or, as appropriate, Internet, telephone and Audited Services, and acknowledges that the characteristics and constraints of the Internet mean that the security, availability and integrity of Internet data transmissions cannot be guaranteed.

We do not guarantee that the Services will function if the Member activates a popup killer tool. In this case, the function should be deactivated before using the Service and we do not guarantee that the Services will be usable if the Member's Internet Service provider is unable to provide its Service properly.

5.5 Internet Service Provider Conditions

In this context, we cannot be held responsible for the non-functioning, non-availability or adverse conditions of usage of the FunLink site resulting from incorrect hardware, problems experienced by the Member's Internet Service Provider or blockages on the Internet networks or for all other reasons outside the sphere of influence of FunLink. Moreover, due amongst other things to the specifics of their Internet browser, Members who are AOL users may encounter problems making FunLink function properly.

Under these conditions, we do not guarantee that the Services shall function without interruption or error. In particular, the use of this Site may be interrupted at any time for the purposes of maintenance, updates or technical improvements, or to develop its content and/or presentation. Whenever possible, we shall inform its Members prior to maintenance work or updates. Please note that up-to-date Adobe Flash software is required for this website to function properly (download from: www.adobe.com).

5.6 Service Access

While we endeavor to ensure that this Website is normally available 24 hours a day, we do not guarantee that it will be uninterrupted or error free. Access to this Website may be suspended temporarily and without notice in the case of system failure, maintenance or repair or for reasons beyond our control. An electronic notice will be posted if the website is temporarily shut down for regular maintenance. All data will be pre-stored and backup in our server during the maintenance period.  


Unless we agree otherwise in writing, you are provided with access to the Website for your personal use only. You are authorized to print a copy of any information contained on the Website for your personal use, unless printing is expressly prohibited.


Responsibility for the content of advertisements (if any) appearing on the Website (including hyperlinks to the advertisers own websites) rests solely with the advertisers.

7.1 Endorsement of Advertiser's Product & Services

The placement of such advertisements does not constitute a recommendation or endorsement of the advertiser's product or service by the Company. Each advertiser is solely responsible for any representation made in connection with its advertisement. We have no control over its advertisers' privacy policies, and we encourage users to review such policies prior to submitting any personal information to them.

7.2 Correspondence with Advertisers

By using our features, you agree that Funlink.com.sg has the rights to run such advertisements and promotions. The manner, mode and extent of advertising on its Community Features are subjected to change. Your correspondence or business dealings with, or participation in promotions of, advertisers found on or through the Service, including payment and delivery of related goods or services, and any other terms, conditions, warranties or representations associated with such dealings, are solely between you and such advertiser. You agree that we shall not be responsible or liable for any loss or damage of any sort incurred as the result of any such dealings or as the result of the presence of such advertisers on the Service.


The Company retains all right, title, and interest in the Service and the Website and the corresponding intellectual property rights and reserves all rights not explicitly granted.

8.1 Copyright

Copyright in the Service and the Website (including text, graphics, logos, icons, sound recordings and software) is owned or licensed by the Company. Other than for the purposes of, and subject to the conditions prescribed under, the Copyright Act (Chapter 63) and similar legislation which applies in your location, and except as expressly authorized by these

Terms and Conditions, you may not in any form or by any means:

  1. adapt, reproduce, store, distribute, print, display, perform, publish or create derivative works from any part of the Service or the Website; or
  2. Commercialize any information, products or services obtained from any part of the Service or the Website; without our prior written permission.

8.2 Trade Marks

Except where otherwise specified, any work or device to which is attached the Ô or â symbol is a registered trade mark. If you use any of the trademarks owned by the Company in reference to our activities, products or services, you must include a statement attributing the trade mark to the Company.

You have agreed not to use our trade marks:

  1. in or as the whole or part of your own trademarks;
  2. in connection with activities, products or services which are not ours;
  3. in a manner which may be confusing, misleading or deceptive; or
  4. in a manner that disparages us or our information, products or services (including without limitation, the Service and the Website).

8.3 Use of Cookies

FunLink use cookies to store Users' preferences, record session information, and collect aggregated demographic data. You may be able to configure your browser to accept or reject all or some cookies, or notify you when a cookie is set. Each browser is different, so check the "Help" menu of your browser to learn how to change your cookie preferences. However, you may need to enable cookies from FunLink in order to use most functions on the Site.


9.1 Links provided for convenience only

The Website may contain links to other websites ("Linked Websites"). Those links are provided for convenience only and may not remain current or be maintained. We are not responsible for the content or privacy practices associated with Linked Websites.

9.2 No endorsement

Our links with Linked Websites should not be construed as an endorsement, approval or recommendation by the Company of the owners or operators of the Linked Websites, or of any information, graphics, materials, products or services referred to or contained on Linked Websites, unless and to the extent stipulated to the contrary. We recommend that you review the terms of use and privacy policy of a Linked Website prior to use of it.


10.1 Risks

You acknowledge that there are risks involved in online dating, including without limitation, unknowingly dealing with underage persons or persons acting under a false pretence or for a criminal purpose.

10.2 No warranty as to identity of member

You acknowledge that user authentication on the internet is extremely difficult. The Company cannot and does not warrant that each member or user of the Service is who he or she claims to be. Further, the Company cannot and does not warrant that member profiles are reliable, accurate or complete. Accordingly, you must be careful in dealing with other members or users of the Service or the Website.


The Company reserves the right to send electronic mail to you regarding changes or additions to the Service, or any products and services of the Company and its affiliated businesses.


12.1 Agreement effective for members

This Agreement will remain in full force and effect while you are a member of the Service or while you otherwise use the Website.

12.2 Termination of membership by you

You may terminate your membership at any time, for any reason, effective immediately upon our receipt of your written notice of termination. Notice of termination may be delivered to the address contained in the Contact Us section of the Website, may be emailed to the email address listed in the Contact Us section of the Website, or may be effected by clicking on the Switch Off Membership link in the members' section of the Website. All paid subscriptions borne by you shall not be refunded after the one (1) day cooling period.

12.3 Termination of your access to Service

We may, in our absolute discretion, terminate or suspend your access to all or part of the Service at any time, with or without notice, for any reason, including without limitation, any fraudulent, abusive, or otherwise illegal activity, or that which may otherwise affect the enjoyment of the Service by others.

12.4 Termination of membership by us

We may immediately terminate your membership and your access to the Service at any time if we determine (in our absolute discretion) that you have breached this Agreement. Notice of termination will be delivered to the last email address you provide to us.

12.5 Deactivation for non-use

We may deactivate your account if you have not used the Service for a consecutive 9 months period unless you have an active paid subscription. An e-mail notification will be sent to you if you are inactive within a 9 months period.


13.1 Indemnity

You agree to indemnify, defend and hold the Company, its affiliates, related bodies corporate, shareholders, officers, employees, agents and representatives harmless from and against any and all Claims, loss, damage, tax (including GST), liability and/or expense (including legal costs on a full indemnity basis) that may be incurred by the Company, its affiliates, related bodies corporate, shareholders, officers, employees, agents and representatives arising out of or in connection with your use of the Service or the Website, including without limitation any breach by you of this Agreement or Claims made by other parties against you. You agree to cooperate fully in the defense of any Claim. We reserve the right (but are under no obligation) to assume the exclusive defense and control of any matter otherwise subject to indemnification by you, provided that you shall remain liable for any such Claim.

13.2 Release

You hereby waive, release, forgive, discharge and relinquish any and all Claims that you now have or may have against the Company, its affiliates, related bodies corporate, shareholders, officers, employees, agents and representatives which are connected with, arise out of or relate directly or indirectly to your use of the Service or the Website.


14.1 Failure to comply

The Company accepts no liability for any failure to comply with these Terms and Conditions where such failure is due to circumstances beyond our reasonable control.

14.2 No waiver

If we waive any rights available to us under these Terms and Conditions on one occasion, this does not mean that those rights will automatically be waived on any other occasion.

14.3 Severability

If any of these Terms and Conditions is held to be invalid, unenforceable or illegal for any reason, the remaining Terms and Conditions shall continue in full force.

14.4 Variation

We reserve the right to amend these Terms and Conditions from time to time. Amendments will be effective immediately upon notification on the Website. Your continued use of the Website following such notification will represent an agreement by you to be bound by these Terms and Conditions as amended.

14.5 Assignment

You must not assign any of your rights under this Agreement or in respect of the Service or Website to any third party. The Company has the right to assign any or all of its rights and obligations under this Agreement or to the Service to any third party. At the election of the Company, in the event that FunLink Media's obligations under this Agreement are assumed by a third party, the Company shall be relieved of any and all liability under this Agreement.

14.6 Relationship

You agree that no joint venture, partnership, employment, or agency relationship exists between you and the Company as a result of this Agreement or your use of the Service or the Website.

14.7 Governing law

This Agreement is governed by the laws in force in Singapore. You agree to submit to the exclusive jurisdiction of the courts in accordance with Singaporean law, and in the event of dispute as to the meaning of a term or provision of these Terms of Use, the language of interpretation shall be English.

15. Disclaimers

FunLink is not responsible for any incorrect or inaccurate Content posted on the Website or in connection with the Service, whether caused by users of the Website, Members or  programming associated with or utilized in the Service. We are not responsible for the conduct, whether online or offline, of any user of the Website or Member of the Service. Members may use the safety 'Report Abuse' features avaliable in your personal page at no charge to report members for any form of harrassment. FunLink assumes no responsibility for any error, omission, interruption, deletion, defect, delay in operation or transmission, communications line failure, theft, destruction or unauthorized access to, or alteration of, user or Member communications.

We are not responsible for any problems or technical malfunction, other than the features maintained monthly by Funlink authorised operator, of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of email or players on account of technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or at any Website or combination thereof, including injury or damage to users and/or Members or to any other person's computer related to or resulting from participating or downloading materials in connection with the Web and/or in connection with the Service.

Members accept and agree that FunLink shall not be responsible for any loss or damage, including personal injury or death, resulting from anyone's use of the Website or the Service, any Content posted on the Website or transmitted to Members, or any interactions between users of the Website, whether online or offline. Members or users of the service are to use their own discretion, should they conduct any form of interaction and communciation offline. FunLink expressly disclaims any warranty of fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement. FunLink cannot guarantee and does not promise any specific results from use of the Website and/or the Service.